This sightseeing walking tour begins in the Old Town Square, which originally used to be a market at the beginning of the 12th century. Due to the market’s strategic placement and an easy access to all major sites of the Old Town, a vast number of patrician houses had been built at the edge of the market.
The tour continues to Celetna Street where we see one of many buildings of the Charles’ University, sculptures from the 18th century and a house of the mint’s guild built in the 14th century. Further down the street, there is the Powder Tower from the late 15th century. The tower was a part of the fortification of the Royal Court back in the 15th century, which was taken down at the end of the 19th century and replaced with the Municipal House instead.
Next, we approach a street called The Moats that was actual a moat between the Old Town and New Town in the 13th century. These days it is a typical high street. The church of St. Cross was built at the beginning of the 18th century and is still in use for church services.
Gradually, your tour reaches back to the Old Town where is the Estates Theatre. The enlightened aristocrat Count Nostitz Rieneck who was led by the desire to aggrandise his native city as well as the souls of its inhabitants initiated the theatre. Near the theatre is Havel’s Street which was part of Havel’s Town, a town with free citizens and that was highly unusual at the time when the citizens were owned by their monarchs. Just to clarify the name, Havel’s Town has nothing to do with the name of the ex-president Vaclav Havel from the modern era.
We end the tour at the Old Town Square under the Astronomical Clock, which was built into the Old Town Hall Tower in the 15th century.