Learn of the rich history and heritage of Nepal first-hand as you explore the splendid city of Patan. Begin at Patan Durbar Square complex, located in the center of the city. It houses the residence of the ancient royal family of Patan. The square and its surroundings provide very good example of ancient Newari architecture. The palace has three main courtyards, the central and the oldest is Mul Chowk. We will visit Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple, the Golden Temple of Hiranya Varna Mahavira and Sundari Chowk, which marks the architectural excellence of its era. The Sundari Chowk with the sunken bath of Tusha Hiti, contains exquisite woodcarvings, stone and metal sculpture. Patan Durbar Square also houses a temple of Taleju Bhawani.
The main attraction of Patan Durbar Square is the ancient Royal Palace. It consists of three main chowk, Sundari Chowk and Mani Keshab Narayan Chowk. In the northeastern corner of the Mul chowk is the three storied octagonal temple of Taleju Bhawani. The Sundari Chowk holds in its center a masterpiece of stone sculptures popularity known as Royal bath. Between the central Mul chowk and Mani Keshab Naryayan Chowk lies a temple of Degu Taleju looking out into the main square.
Be amazed at the Rudra Barna Mahavihar. This Buddhist monastery complex contains an amazing collection of five images and statues in metal, stone and wood. Many kings in ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Accheshowor was established towards the beginning of the 6th century to house an idol of Lord Buddha. The Mahavihar was reconstructed not too long ago.
The temples of Red Machhendranath and MinnathThe were built in 1408 A.D. and situated at Tabahal. Red Machhendra also known as Avolokiteshwor is housed therein for six months and another temple of Min Nath is situated at Tangal which is supposed to be older than the temple of Red Machhendra Nath.
Enjoy exploring the Hiranya Varna Mahavihar or Golden Temple. This three-storey golden pagoda of Shakyamuni, Lord Buddha, was built in the 21st century by King Bhaskar Verma. It is located in the courtyard of Kwabahal. There is a wealth of gems like beautiful carving on its walls and painting depicting a complete life history of Buddha.
Inside the upper storey of this pagoda, placed on the pedestal, are the white image of Amoshpash Lokeshwor and a large prayer wheel.
About a 10 minute walk from Patan Durbar Square lies MahaBouddha, a Buddhist temple made of high quality bricks in which thousands of images of Lord Buddha are engraved. The terracotta structure is one of the 14th century Nepalese architectural masterpieces.