Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a country located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by area and the 41st most populous country. It is a landlocked country located along the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. Kathmandu is the nation’s Capital city and largest metropolis. Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalese, the highest percentage of any country. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9% of its people. A large portion of the population, especially in the hill region, may identify themselves as both Hindu and Buddhist, which can be attributed to the syncretic nature of both faiths in Nepal.
A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768-2008. A decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), followed by weeks of mass protests by all major political parties, on November 2005. Nepal is a developing country with a low income economy, ranking 145th of 187 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI). It continues to struggle with high levels of hunger and poverty.
Nepal is the best destination for trekking and travel, geographically Nepal consists of three regions. i.e Mountain region, Hilly region, and Terai region. Out of the 10 highest peaks more than 8 peaks lie within Nepal, making for adventurous peak climbing, trekking and camping for those who desire to have adventure tours. Nepal consists of different ethnic groups in different regions who are very kind and lovable. They are very helpful and they welcome guests as a god. They heartily welcome the guest and make the trip more valuable. Different religions and cultures make the tours more exciting and memorable.