Cairo, the capital of Egypt, has many names. One of Cairo’s many epitaphs is the City of 1,000 Minarets. Actually, there are more than that and so it should be no surprise that there are many interesting historical mosques to see in Egypt. Many of these mosques are open to visitors, and in fact, Cairo has an ongoing program for the restoration of ancient mosques, a few of which rank as some of the oldest to be found in the world. Certainly they are some of the grandest to be found anywhere. Yet, because Egypt has seen many influences from any number of different ruling empires, including Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid Mamluk and Ottoman and others, and because Cairo specifically is a city of the world.
You will be happy to learn the correct information about Islam on this archeological tour.
Your guide will pick you up at your hotel and begin your guided tour in Islamic Cairo. We start at the Citadel fortress with a visit to the Mohammed Ali Mosque. We should say Masjid, not Mosque, as Masjid is the right word here. The Citadel was built by Salah-El-Din in the 12th Century. Our next stop is the masjid of Sultan Hassan, built between 1356 and 1363. It is believed to be one of the finest examples of Mamluk architecture in Cairo. The masjid is also considered one of the largest, not only in Cairo but also in the whole Islamic world.
Then we will visit The Refa’i Masjid, located next to Sultan Hassan Mosque. It was constructed in two phases over the period between 1869 and 1912, when it was finally completed. In the afternoon, we will have our lunch. The day ends with a visit to the masjid of AL Azhar, one of the most important mosques in Egypt and the most famous in the Muslim world.