We start this historical tour to the lighthouse of Barra , which also began the history of the colonization of Brazil. We have a beautiful view of the Bay of All Saints and the Atlantic simultaneously. From here we drive along Avenida Sete de Setembro to the old center of the city, the name Historical Center has received after his ranking by UNESCO “World Heritage Site”. This is the “must” for any visitor to our city: a complete old quarter, in the upper town built on a rock, with beautifully restored Baroque churches and mansions in colonial Portuguese architecture. The atmosphere and the contact with local people will not leave you indifferent! A jewel of a church is that of St. Francis with its ornate and gold-covered baroque interior.
A chapter on the city of Salvador could not be better to start than with the Historical Center, a unique and magnificent architectural complex of townhouses and solares in colonial style, churches, squares, monuments, scenic viewpoints and cobbled streets, classified and protected as Cultural Heritage the World by UNESCO and also popularly nostalgic Pelourinho mentioned. This name comes from one of the squares in the center, once a pillory (or “Pelourinho”) was where slaves were bound to be punished in public and humiliated. This district, the Pelourinho, was the real center of the city during the first centuries of its existence and therefore it was important stage for the slave trade, one of the main trading time. This allows the Pelourinho has a special meaning in the Afro-Brazilian population of the city, out there on the cobbles of its streets much of her blood has seen shedding and which has massive returns to its streets, squares, bars and restaurants to participate to the countless cultural activities or to commemorate historical dates and remember, albeit as free citizens now, her suffering full past and its fundamental contribution to the construction of the city of Salvador, the state of Bahia and Brazil.
The main squares that make up the Pelourinho and you can not fail to visit the Praça Tomé de Souza (City Square), where the old Palace of the Governors, are the old and the new City Hall, the Praça da Sé with the offices of the oldest church in Brazil and a spectacular panoramic view of the Bay of All Saints, the Terreiro de Jesus where are the Cathedral Basilica of Salvador and two other churches, and finally the Largo do Pelourinho itself. Since Salvador has one church per calendar day, it is impossible to visit them all, but is still not after the Church of São Francisco with adjacent monastery, and visit the Cathedral, possibly also the church of Rosário dos Pretos and the churches and monasteries of the Carmelites.
A cultural cocktail with numerous artistic attractions and music, you can find the courtyards Quincas Berro d’Agua, Pedro Arcanjo and Teresa Batista, the Terreiro de Jesus and just in the streets of Pelourinho itself! Finally, remember that the Pelourinho is an excellent place to buy souvenirs and crafts in its numerous shops and enjoy a tasty dish or a drink in the restaurants and bars that have spread generously over the Centre.
Speaking of purchases, it’s only a small leap of the Pelourinho for the famous and popular Mercado Modelo. Go to the Praça Municipal, take the legendary Elevador Lacerda and descend to the lower, more specifically the district Comércio called where you can find the old harbor warehouse that was transformed into the “mall of tourists”. On the first floor offering of the Mercado, there are two restaurants that typical dishes and have a terrace where you can enjoy a fabulous sunset in the late afternoon (Salvador is the sun between five – in winter – and six hours -in the summer).
Not far from there, up along Avenida Contorno, is the Solar do Unhão , a beautiful tourist site that is worth visiting because of its privileged location on the Bay of All Saints, its historical and architectural complex and because of the fact that here the Museum of Modern Art is located where you can visit include a permanent outdoor exhibition of works by famous artists such as Mario Cravo Bahian and Carybé.
Slightly higher stands the old monastery of Santa Tereza that the Museum of Sacred Art houses with a beautiful chapel and beautiful green garden with views of the bay … an oasis in the busy center of the city.
Something more upward and eventually arriving in the upper town, you come to the Castro Alves Place where the statue of the famous poet of Bahia overlooking one of the most beautiful viewpoints of the city. When you from here in the direction of Campo Grande goes along Avenida Sete de Setembro (or Avenue of the Seventh of September, day of the independence of Brazil), you encounter the church of São Bento against which you should not fail to visit. On the Great Square (Campo Grande) is the theater Castro Alves, an example of modern architecture in Bahia, and the monument in memory of the regional festival Dois de Julho (or Second July), day of the liberation of Bahia. Our walk continued putting in the direction of Barra. We pass along the beautiful, tree-lined avenue Corredor da Vitoria, home to the Museum of Art and the Museum of Bahia Costa Pinto, and further, descending through the Ladeira (slope) da Barra we pass the Church of Saint Anthony of Barra. Arriving at the Port of Barra (without docks but with beaches) and continue along Avenida Oceânica, we meet the Fortress of Santo Antônio, the famous Lighthouse (Farol da Barra) and finally the Christ statue against.
Another tourist zone in the city that you should not fail to visit the peninsula Itapagipe that offers natural and historic beauty spots and is also the most appropriate part of the city to enjoy the beautiful views of the Bay of All Saints and its islands. The trip can be started at Fort Monte Serrat, Which is considered because of its harmonious lines, one of the most beautiful military monuments of Bahia. Addition is the point of Humaitá , with its church, its convent and small lighthouse. From this point you have a beautiful view of the upper town and the Bay of All Saints, and you can also enjoy the famous and most romantic sunset of the city. From this starting through the streets that follow the edge of the bay, we pass the viewpoint of the Sagrada Família, which offers panoramic views of downtown, the harbor and the upper town. A little further on we come to a square with royal palms where, majestically situated on the top of the Holy Hill (Colina Sagrada), the Church of Bonfimlocated. This is the most important and most visited church of Salvador and its protector Our Lord of Bonfim (or “Good End”), none other than Jesus for the followers of the Catholic Church, or Oxalá, the chief god of the followers of the Candomblé. The Holy Hill descending, we arrive at the Old Port of Bonfim, from which we can walk along the beautiful and pleasant avenue Beira Mar on the edge of the bay and enjoy the tranquility of the traditional district of RibeiraWhich still evokes memories from the time that this place housed the summer residences of the wealthy inhabitants of Salvador. The nightlife in Ribeira is lively thanks to the many bars and restaurants that offer delicious typical dishes mainly based on fish and seafood, live music and a romantic setting.