Places to Visit in Prague
- Charles Bridge
- Prague Castle
- Old Town Square
- New Town
Unique Things to See and Do in Prague
- Take the funicular up Petrin Hill
- Explore all the elegant architecture in Vinohrady district
- Astronomical Clock
- Take a horse-drawn carriage
The Old Town Square
This is one of two the main squares you will want to visit while in Prague. The square dates back to the 12th century and was originally the main market space. Within it are three main attractions, the Astronomical Clock, Tyn Church, and St. Nicholas Church. After visiting the main sights, take some time to soak in the atmosphere with a drink or coffee in one of the many cafes. There is plenty of seating outdoors and is a great spot for people watching.
The other main square, Wenceslas Square, is a lively area of restaurants, bars, nightclubs, hotels, and shops. There are plenty of historical buildings to admire too, although this not actually a square but rather a boulevard. At the top end of the boulevard is the National Museum and to its left is the Prague State Opera. If you are a fan of operas this is one opera house you don’t want to miss. The interior of Opera House, built in 1888, has a beautiful and spacious auditorium with neo-Rococo golden decorations- a classic image of what an opera house should be.
Best time of year to travel to Prague
If you like warm weather then the summer months are the time to visit. The hottest and drier months are July and August, but that also means they are the busiest time of year to visit too. If you are looking for some calmer crowds, travel during the late spring or early fall. The temperatures average around 20C, with warm days and cooler nights.
If you are looking for a magical snowy time, it often snows anytime in December through to March. Most Czechs hope for a snowy Christmas, but the weather is unpredictable and it typically snows in the days after.
Did you know…?
Soft contact lenses were invented in 1961 by a Czechoslovakia by professor Otto Wichterle.
Did you ALSO know…?
Within the Judith Tower, during the 16th and 18th century, there was a dungeon for the worst criminals inside the tower. It is not accessible to the public now.
Getting around Prague
Taking the Metro is the easiest way to travel around Prague. It is an underground subway system with 3 lines, colour coded on city maps. The Metro lines run from 4:45am until midnight, and then after midnight you can catch night trams and busses. The green and yellow lines that run east to west diagonally across the city intersect in the middle. The three main transfer stations (přestup), are Mustek, Muzeum, and Florenc.
You purchase tickets from the yellow machines in the metro stations. Some of the machines have English on them but not many. On the machine, there are buttons labelled with the routes and the fare cost, but there is also on the bottom of the label a discounted fare for luggage etc. If you need the discounted fare there is a button on the right hand side labelled for discounts- you need to press that one first and then press the fare button you’d like. You have 90 minutes to use your ticket.
Trams are great way to travel through the city, and for the locals it is normal but for many travellers this is an event in itself. Prague is the only city in Europe that didn’t sustain any major damage during the last century’s wars. This means that you can see and experience the technology and history of time past. Prague has over 500km of tracks and the run every 8-10minutes. They operate between 4:30am till midnight, but they have some night trams that run from midnight to 4:30 every 40 minutes.
The tram that you really want to ride on is Tram 22, which will take you on history ride past the National Theatre and all the way up to the Prague Castle. The views are beautiful and it’s a great way to see the city. The other tram worth going on is the Nostalgic Tram no.91. These trams are the vintage tram cars that were built during 1908 to 1924. Tickets can be purchased on the tram when you jump on, and you can jump on an off at any time! Regular bus tickets are not valid on these.
Most of the busses run farther than the metro or tram lines, so if you are planning a trip to airport or to the zoo, you’ll need to catch a city bus. They run from 4:30 to till midnight every 15-30 minutes. The night busses run after midnight in 30-60 minute intervals, so you’ll want to double check the schedule.
The bus for the Prague Zoo runs during the summer tourist season, April to September. It is a free express type bus that you can catch at Nádraží Holešovice (metro C) and it runs every 10 minutes. It does not make any other stops along the way.
There are two types of tickets, one that costs 32 CZK (30 minute ride) or the other that costs 24 CZK (90 minute ride). Children under 6 are free. You can only use coins at the ticket vending machines. You can transfer between Metro lines and Trams using one ticket.
NOTE: You must validate your ticket at the entrance to the metro station and if you purchased at ticket via texting (text DPT24 or DPT32 to 902 06 and a SMS text will be send back as your ticket) you must have the SMS message before entering the tram or subway car.
Another option is to purchase day passes for 110CZK (4 Euros) or a 3 day pass for 310 CZK (~11 Euros). They are worth the investment and provide hassle free service. If you buy any of the local passes, weekly or monthly passes, you’ll need photo id with you.
Ready to plan your visit to Prague? Check out these popular guides and trips.